How to define Physical Activity, Physical Education and School Sport in your Primary PE and Sport Premium is a frequently asked question and is important to get right, especially when Ofsted report on improvements made in these areas. In this post, we aim to give you a helpful overview of these three areas.

Physical Education
Physical Education is the planned, progressive learning that takes place in school curriculum timetabled time and which is delivered to all pupils. This involves both ‘learning to move’ (becoming more physically active) and ‘moving to learn’ (learning through movement, such as co-operating with others). The content for the learning is physical activity, with children experiencing a broad range of activities including sport and dance.

Physical Activity
Physical Activity is a broad term that describes bodily movement, posture and balance. All require energy and it includes all forms of physical education, sports and dance activities. However, it is also wider than this – it includes outdoor and indoor play, work-related activity, outdoor and adventurous activities, active travel (walking, cycling, rollerblading, scooting) and routine, habitual activities such as using the stairs, doing housework and gardening.

School Sport
School Sport is the structured learning that takes place beyond the curriculum (in the extended curriculum within schools settings, most commonly referred to as out of school hours learning). Again, the content for the learning is physical activity. The ‘School Sport’ programme has the potential to develop and broaden the foundation of learning that takes place in physical education. It also forms a vital link with ‘community sport and activity.’

When you are completing your Primary PE and Sport Premium, some questions you need to consider that Ofsted may ask you are:-

  • What specific outcomes do the school aim to achieve with the Premium?
  • How will these improvements be sustainable in the long term?
  • How has the premium impacted on attainment in national curriculum physical education?
  • How is the premium being used to enhance, rather than maintain existing provision?